Volume 9, Issue 1

Issues Facing Women Living with HIV

In this issue:

Women and those assigned female at birth living with HIV (WLWH) face significant and unique challenges. These women, for instance, experience higher rates of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms than their male counterparts and HIV-unaffected women.

In this issue of eHIV Review, Anna Maya Powell, MD, MS, Assistant Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, breaks down not only the considerable burdens in WLWH, but also the unique treatment approaches for this population as well as updated considerations on perinatal HIV transmission risk through breast/chest feeding.

Learning objectives:

  • Describe the safety and use of various antiretroviral regimens with hormonal contraception and hormone replacement therapy.
  • Understand the morbidity of unplanned pregnancy, perinatal depression, and menopause among women living with HIV.
  • Describe updated information about the perinatal transmission risk of HIV through breast/chest feeding and steps providers can take to counsel patients with HIV about infant feeding options.


Anna Maya Powell, MD, MS
Anna Maya Powell, MD, MS

Assistant Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

Baltimore, MD

Program Directors:

Justin Alves, RN, FNP-BC, ACRN, CARN, CNE

Nurse Educator
Boston Medical Center
Boston, MA

Matthew Spinelli, MD, MAS

Assistant Professor
HIV, ID, and Global Medicine
Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital
San Francisco, California

Ethel D. Weld, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences
Division of Infectious Diseases
Division of Clinical Pharmacology
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Length of activity:

1.0 hour Physicians
1.0 contact hour Nurses

Launch date: April 30, 2024
Expiration date: April 29, 2026